火灾和风暴--气候变化,美国经济的 "看不见的 "风险--游戏状态

这是对2018年9月17日发布的这篇文章的更新,分析了2018年气候变化对美国经济的经济成本。这次更新整合了超级飓风 "迈克尔 "的后果,特别是成本,该飓风在2018年10月10日至14日期间袭击了佛罗里达州的中部,然后是乔治亚州、北卡罗来纳州和弗吉尼亚州(Camilla Domonoske,"迈克尔将花费保险公司数十亿,但不会压垮整个行业,分析师说"。 NPR,2018年10月14日)。

"迈克尔 "接替了2018年9月12日袭击和打击美国东海岸的怪物风暴 "佛罗伦萨"。它看起来像一个新的与气候有关的灾难 "高峰"。 考虑到过去12个月的气候地狱般的状况,它可能宣布向可能更糟的方向过渡。

因此,一个重要的问题出现了:气候变化是否正在成为美国经济的一个主要风险?如果是的话,经济行为者应该如何应对(Jean-Michel Valantin,"气候变化。漫长的行星轰炸", 红色(团队)分析会,2017年9月18日)?

塔勒布《黑天鹅》中关于战略预见和风险管理的有用规则

This second article on The Black Swan: the impact of the highly improbable by Nassim Nicholas Taleb emphasises some of the author’s points that are crucial for foresight and warning. Likewise, they are necessary for any work dealing with the future and its anticipation, from risk management to horizon scanning through early warning.

The methodology of SF&W and risk management allows addressing these points. They should become rules and principles all analysts follow. Indeed, without paying attention to them, good analysis is impossible. The first article on The Black Swan can be accessed 这里.

Humility

humility, doubt

(Notably pp.190-200) Considering uncertainty, but also our imperfect condition of human beings, the complexity of the social world, feedbacks, our more than insufficient knowledge and understanding, we must ….

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塔勒布的黑天鹅。预见的终结?

Since Nassim Nicholas Taleb published his bestseller The Black Swan: the impact of the highly improbable back in 2007, “Black Swans” and “Black Swans events” have become part of everyday language.

They are used as a catchphrase to mean two different things. First, as was the case in the Brookings interesting interactive “briefing book” Big Bets and Black Swans: Foreign Policy Challenges for President Obama’s Second Term, “black swans” represent high impact, low probability events, what is also known as wild cards.[i]

Second, “black swans” refer to events that could absolutely not be predicted, as, for example for the Economist in ”The prediction games: Our winners and losers from last year’s edition”. Unfortunately, in this case, the label “black swans” excuses foresight errors. It tends to stop explanations and evaluation. Similarly, some will make statements along the line of “oh, but there is no point to do any foresight (or futures work or forecast), did you not read Taleb’s Black Swan? One cannot predict or foresee anything.”

This is a rather bold statement, especially when one seeks to anticipate uncertainty and to foresee and warn. We thus need to explore the unpredictability claim further.

这篇文章的其余部分是为我们 成员 以及那些购买了特殊访问计划的人。确保你得到真正的分析,而不是意见,或者更糟的是,假新闻。 登录 并访问这篇文章。

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