On Monday 16 October 2017 evening, the Council of Representatives (COR) dialogue committee suspended its participation in the Tunisia-hosted peace negotiations with the Government of National Accord (GNA).
According to the official statement and members of the COR’s committee, the dispute is focused on a lack of guarantees by the GNA on forming a new united government. Other sources present at the meetings confirmed that the GNA’s objection to annulling Article 8 of the Libyan Political Agreement led to the COR’s walkout.
All powers of the senior military, civil and security posts stipulated in the Libyan legislations and laws in force shall be transferred to the Presidency Council of the Council of Ministers immediately upon signing this Agreement. The Presidency Council must take a decision on the occupants of such posts within a period that does not exceed twenty (20) days. In case a decision is not reached during this period, the Presidency Council shall take decisions on new appointments within a period that does not exceed thirty (30) days, while taking into account the Libyan legislations in force.”
In essence, Article 8 would “[reset] the military leadership of the country—and more importantly, the position currently held by General Haftar as head of the armed forces,” explained analyst Mattia Toaldo.
The inclusion (or exclusion) of General Haftar in a new Libyan government has long been a source of contention between the actors. As we noted in our concluding post on scenarios for Libya’s future, views on General Haftar minimally affect the likelihood of the GNA participating in peace negotiations, but his inclusion in a new government significantly affects the likelihood of seeing a signed peace treaty.
This noteworthy action of the COR’s dialogue committee serves as a reminder of Haftar’s effect on any comprehensive peace process. Although this event has a minimal level of intensity, it escalates the likelihood of a failed peace talks—and ultimately, continued war in Libya.
The Head of the dialogue committee of the Tobruk-based House of Representatives (HoR) Abdelsalam Nesiya, announced Monday evening that they had suspended their participation in the negotiations in Tunisia at the UNSMIL’s headquarters. In a televised statement, Nasiya explained that after days of deliberations, the HoR delegation remark
Libyan Political Agreement, December 17, 2015
Mattia Toaldo, “Libya’s Political Stalemate,” Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, February 3, 2016